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1. Encryption

In situations where an organization is dealing with sensitive data and it ends up in the wrong place, encryption is the last hope to protect the data from unauthorized users. Encrypting data is the key to data integrity with the goal of ensuring the security and confidentiality of the data. Due to this concept, the people who have the relevant keys are the only ones who can see the decrypted information.

Another area where many applications seem to be lacking is encryption, as it is inadequate or nonexistent. Data that contains information such as passwords and credit card details or any other information that could be entered into the database does not need to be in plain text. Encryption can and should also be applied to roles and user-specific data to reduce the risk of access or hijacking.

2. Confidentiality and protection

Downstream, not only do humans interact with your technology stack through a user interface; other software programs have access to it as well. This can be categorized in three ways.

First, by specifically linking with other applications (e.g. partner applications such as APIs, SDKs, etc.) and passing on the key, i.e. the programmatic credentials for the application.

Second, by inadvertently granting users access to software that you didn't intend to grant them in the first place, or by granting them access at a certain level that you didn't intend to grant them.

Third, cyber attackers who lack access often look for attack points in the software stack, again based on what the attackers often consider to be the weakest link.

However, it is not enough to protect your secrets from cyber attackers who are just waiting for opportunities to turn the secrets into a tool. So even if your code is configured correctly, there is still a chance of an attack. A secrets protection plan should not only secure and manage the secrets, but also monitor the code for the areas that do not use secrets and highlight misconfigured access rights.

3. Endpoint security

All of our software and applications are networked, making the entire structure and system interconnected. Although data concerns are more commonly associated with transmission, these breaches can also originate from endpoints used to send and receive the data.

The actual devices at the endpoints could also be the target that orchestrates the information loss. This means that users' laptops, tablets, mobile phones and any other devices connected to a network become centers where data leaks can occur. This can happen unintentionally by the user, for example through malware programs on the devices that they may not be aware of, or by inadvertently sending sensitive data to other people or stations.

Although a user's device can make you feel like you've lost control or are actually out of reach, there are approaches that can minimize the risks and secure your endpoints. One of them is to customize the client and server communication model to allow only the user to access the data through authorized clients.

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