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Californians' ballots for the November election may not be in their mailboxes yet, but voters now have a much better idea of ​​the decisions they will face in the fall.

Last week, the Secretary of State released the final list of 10 statewide ballot proposals for the 2024 election. The list includes a particularly controversial crime and criminal justice reform proposal, two $10 million bond issues, and proposals to change language in the state constitution on slavery and same-sex marriage.

Here's a quick overview of the measures, debates and policy questions voters will face in the coming months.

California Prop. 2: School Facilities Bond

This $10 billion bond will fund the renovation and construction of K-12 and community college facilities across the state, with $8.5 billion earmarked for K-12 buildings and $1.5 billion for community colleges.

California Prop. 3: Removing the same-sex marriage clause from the Constitution

The measure would officially remove the clause banning same-sex marriage from the state constitution, a holdover from 2008, when voters passed the controversial same-sex marriage ban through Proposition 8. That was repealed shortly thereafter and effectively overturned when the U.S. Supreme Court cleared the way for same-sex marriage in California in 2013.

California Prop. 4: Climate Change Preparedness Bond

This $10 billion bond will go towards various climate change preparedness and adaptation projects, with more than half of it going to fund water infrastructure projects, including drought and flood mitigation, wildfire prevention, and sea level rise mitigation projects.

California Prop. 5: Housing and infrastructure ballot amendment

This measure would make it easier for local governments to approve bonds and taxes for affordable housing. The ballot threshold required for these local measures would be lowered from a two-thirds majority of voters to 55%.

California Prop. 6: Removes the prison labor clause from the Constitution

Like Prop. 3, this measure also affects language in the state constitution. Currently, slavery is officially prohibited in California, except in the form of forced labor “as punishment for crimes.” If the measure passes, that exception would be removed and the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation would also no longer have the authority to punish inmates who refuse to work.

California Prop. 32: Minimum wage increase to $18/hour by 2026

This measure would raise the federal minimum wage from the current $16 per hour to $18 in 2026. Companies with more than 25 employees would have to reach this minimum wage of $18 by early 2025, significantly earlier than smaller companies.

California Prop. 33: Expanding rent control

Another attempt to expand rent control faces voters in November after similar measures failed in 2018 and 2020. The measure would repeal the Costa-Hawkins Rental Housing Act, which prohibits rent control on single-family homes built after February 1, 1995.

California Prop. 34: Changes to prescription drug spending requirements

This would require health care providers participating in the 340B prescription drug program to spend 98% of associated revenues on direct patient care, and noncompliance would be punished with revocation of health care license and tax exemption. The program allows hospitals and clinics to obtain prescription drugs at discounted prices from manufacturers and then charge higher prices to health insurers that pay for the drugs.

California Prop. 35: Medi-Cal funding through the insurance company tax

The measure would make permanent an existing tax on health insurers that is currently set to expire in 2026. The tax is used to fund Medi-Cal health benefits, and Proposition 35 would require that the revenue be used only for certain Medi-Cal benefits, including primary and specialty care, emergency care, family planning, mental health and prescription drugs.

California Prop. 36: Revision of Proposition 47

The measure, which is likely to be the most hotly contested, would repeal parts of the decade-old Proposition 47 bill that reduced penalties for some nonviolent crimes. The measure would allow prosecutors to seek prison sentences and felony charges against people who have been convicted of drug possession or theft three or more times.

More: In a dramatic U-turn, Newsom withdraws his ballot challenge to Prop. 47 reform efforts

Kathryn Palmer is an elections writer for USA TODAY. Reach her at [email protected] and follow her on X at @KathrynPlmr.

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